Kayseri, situated in central Turkey, has been famous as a carpet making center for centuries. Carpets and kilims of Kayseri are made from silk, artificial silk and wool (floss), natural wool (no chemical dyes). Kayseri carpets are woven both at the workshops and in the homes. Weavers buy yarn from shops and after finishing their carpet sell it to the same shop in order to buy more yarn.

Kayseri floss carpets with silk looking yarns in bright colors, have found favor with their attractive designs. They look very much like silk carpets to foreigners. The sizes, designs and number of knots are the same as Bunyan carpets, but the large sizes are rather rare. Chemical dyes are used for carpets because the yarn (floss) can only be dyed with chemicals. Cotton is used as warp and weft and floss is used for the knots. These carpets are considered the masterpieces of Kayseri and as such are sought out by dealers for the foreign trade. Sometimes Kayseri carpets are woven entirely in silk and will have 600,000 to 700,000 knots per square meter.

Bunyan carpets often show the floral designs of a typical Oriental carpet. The yarn is cotton and wool dyed with vegetable dyes, and about 120,000 to 150,000 knots per square meter. Kayseri Bunyan carpets are made in different sizes; from pillow sizes of 62 by 100 cm. to the large 16 square meters carpet. Kayseri natural wool carpets have all the properties of Bunyan carpets but they use fewer colors. White, cream, light and dark brown and sometimes black are used.

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